Reforms in Europe’s public sector have been going on since the 1980ies responding to budget cuts, a push to more efficient service delivery and calls for better overall performance.
Many of those reforms are based on the concepts known as “new public management” (NPM). Key elements are:
- Bringing in private sector experiences and approaches
- Staff cuts
- Privatisation of services
- Establishment of autonomous services
Have those measures improved cost efficiency though? Are services more transparent and has quality improved? Do citizens trust in their governments and civil service?
- Size of public sector – the public sector makes for a large percentage of GDP in manycountries. Public sector innovation can affect overall productivity growth by reducing thecost of inputs, increasing the value of outputs and through better organisation.
- Need for evolving policy to match evolving economies.
- The public sector sets the rules of the game for private sector innovation